The locality is located in the north-west part of Tulcea County, at a distance of 16 km from Galaţi municipality and 12 km away from Măcin. The access in the locality is made on E 87, DN 22.

General information

 Precise information on the establishment of Văcăreni village are not known. The tradition says that in the old days a man from Reni would have lost a cow, who crossed the Danube and Balta Crapinei. Starting to look for it, it is said to have found it in these places. Seeing that here are good places to pasture he brought the other cattle he had and made a cowshed. Later came and settled here more families from Bessarabia, Moldavia and Muntenia, who gave the name of the village Văcăreni. The first documentary mention is the one in The Register from 1573 in which it appears under the name of Văkăreni in a list on the obligations of some villages to the Porte, obligation in sheep.

The land cultivation is the main activity of the inhabitants of Văcăreni commune. There are cultivated cereals and technical plants. The vegetable crops are traditional, existing also irrigation system, which must be restored. The commune has at the moment six agricultural farms.

The Russian statistical map of 1838, means the existing villages with their names, with the type of the resident „population”, and are found at the Romanian Academy with the number of houses and courtyards, as well as the devastated villages which have become deserted. „The number of inhabited houses (1828 – 1829): Garvăn 43, Văcăreni 64, Luncaviţa 34”. In 1878, Dobrogea was again populated with Moldovans from Bessarabia, who came from across the Prut (where they had taken refuge before, during the war with the Turks, now defeated) and thousands of Transylvanians. It is attested their presence “ In front of Galaţi in Văcăreni,, Garbina (Carpina) and Jijila; to the south from Măcin in Turcoaia, Satu nou and Peceneaga. After the departure of the Turks 1877-1878 the Bulgarians have scattered from Cerna in the authentic Romanian villages such as: Luncaviţa, Văcăreni, Peceneaga, Ostrov, Dăeni, Gârliciu”. The only file that was kept in the National Archives is File no. 117 regarding Văcăreni Town Hall, contains information from the period 1928-1930. The data refer to: – the establishment, in Văcăreni commune, of the aviation management committee -1928; – the administration of the communal pastures, measures for eliminating the harmful insects of the crops, lists of pasture cooperators, the debtors to whom were given land to build houses 1928; – correspondence concerning personnel issues: appointments, punishments, etc. -1928; – the works of the municipal council and of the permanent delegation -1928; – IOVR statistical tables -1928; – nominal panels of the councilors of the commune, statistics of taverns, industrial establishments, mills, joineries, etc., animals, beehives, inhabitants on nationalities. 1928 – 1929 – correspondence concerning firewood, instructions regarding the annual review of the free passage tickets of the foreign subjects, concentration receipts for training, register population movement – 1929; – applications for the issuance of certificates: citizenship, of good behavior, ascertainment in life, financial status, look see -1929; convocation of the communal council; deliberations -1929; – statistics of the persons alive – 1930; – school committee election -1930; – correspondence concerning electoral lists, taxes, phone conversations, employment decisions, personnel employment decisions – 1930; – relative correspondence to the foreign subjects, compliance with the law, Sunday rest, circulation , events in the commune-1930. – electoral list containing the names of the inhabitants satisfying the conditions to be voters to administrative elections and Agricultural Chamber.

The complete archive of the locality was moved to the commune center Luncaviţa in 1968, where it was devastated by a fire in the 70s. From the same period was kept the first number in the local magazine of satire and humor, „Trompeta Văcărenilor”(1925) that illustrates the local concerns, the mores, but also the capacity of the local intellectuals, proved by an elevated language, grammatically correct, but primarily a refined sense of humor.( see Annex) In 1968, Văcăreni commune was improperly disbanded, claiming the popular rebellion of 1958, when the peasant landowners did not agree with the forced collectivisation. Then, Nicolae Ceauşescu, Secretary of C.C. of P.C.R. with agrarian problems was tasked with the conflict settlement, going to Văcăreni commune. His mission ended with the irritation of the inhabitants who did not give up the protests until their request was fulfilled, namely tearing the applications for collectivisation made under army pressure. The result of this „victory” was highly paid: massive arrests (110 investigated under arrest  of which 45 sentenced to 2-10 years), pressures on the families of the prisoners. Also the local memory retained this conflict as the only reason for the abolition of Văcăreni commune. After a long lobby process that lasted from 1990 to 2003 Văcăreni commune was restored in 2003.

The northern line of the commune is of hydrographical nature, being represented by the extensions of Crapina Lake and Gârla Ciulinetului, separating the commune from Grindu commune. The northeastern limit is ensured by the presence in close proximity to Garvăn locality, and the southern one, especially the southwest one of Jijila locality. To the east and southeast the commune is bordered by Luncaviţa locality. By its geographical location and surroundings, Văcăreni commune falls into two large distinct morphological units: a) the last northwest extensions of Măcin Mountains, Măcin Mountains National Park b)The Danube Floodplainn. The relief is predominantly hilly, with altitudes ranging between 50-100m and 100-200, culminating with 168m in the south-west part of the locality while towards the north the altitude goes down in the Floodplain reaching below 25 m (medium altitude). The hydrographic network was represented by the extensions of Crapina Lake, Gârla Ciulineţ, Today these areas are used for agriculture.

The relief is characterized by the association of three well differentiated morphostructural subunits – Danube Floodplain, Măcin Mountains and Niculiţel Plateau which fall within the 0-300 m altitude limits .

RELIEF The relief of Văcăreni locality develops mostly on glacial of versant and partially right on the higher deposits of the Danube Floodplain and scrap of lower terraces of the Danube.

The positioning of Văcăreni locality is about 7 km north-west of Luncaviţa locality on Dealul Mare platform, Văcăreni Peak, the northern side of the locality is bordered by the Danube Floodplain. The land area of the locality has no accentuated unevenness, and the slope is generally South to North and is crossed by Valea lui Lazăr and Valea cu Peri. The factors leading to the current modeling are: rock, slope, climate elements, vegetation and socio-economic activities. On the commune territory there are the following processes: teeming, torrentiality. The teeming – is the process of the concentration of water from precipitations on linear routes along the slopes , in the form of threads or strands in the process of the concentration of water from precipitations on linear routes along the slopes, in the form of water threads or strands, creating grooves of different sizes, gullies, ravines. The torrentiality represents the direct and complex action of the waters resulting from rains and snowmelt, the process on which is based is teeming whose intensity and area of action is much higher. The torrent runs three actions: erosion, transport, storage creating a torrential organism. In the commune perimeter, the torrents occur mostly on the versants with higher slopes, without vegetation. The dejection cone is the final part of the torrent. The fluvial processes – take place in the minor riverbed area and above the banks and are the ones of erosion, transport, accumulation.

The climate is predominantly the excessive continental one characterized by a thermal regime differentiated between the two extreme seasons, the annual amplitudes being very high. The summers are usually hot while winters are accompanied by strong and persistent frosts, generated by The icy north wind that is felt especially in the northwestern section. CLIMATE 2 Despite the climate that favors the development of the forest vegetation, this is lacking from the area, as otherwise from the whole area of Măcin Mountains. Văcăreni commune belongs to the warm climate sector (the climatic land of Dobrogea Plateau). The air temperature is poorly differentiated, the annual averages ranging between 10-11 Celsius degrees. The distribution of the average temperatures is generally, specific to the climate of Dobrogea. The average annual temperature is 11º C, with the coldest month January -8ºC, and the warmest July. The average temperatures for February do not go below minimum 2ºC, the average temperature in the month of July-August exceeds 22ºC. Winters are mild and summers are hot; in fact, the average temperature on seasons indicates a value of -1ºC in the winter and in the summer 22ºC. The average annual temperature is of 11ºC . The maximum annual average temperature reaches 16ºC, with maximums in July and August of more than 28ºC and in January-February of more than 2ºC. The absolute maximum temperature recorded 39ºC. The number of days without frost is about 200. Annually are summed up, on average, 20-30 tropical days. The average annual number of days with snow reaches 29.3 and of days with snow layer reaches 32.5. Frost occurs 85 days grouped around January and February. The solar radiation values depend on the duration of the sunshine and on the characteristics of the active surface. The global solar radiation is  of 125 kcal/cm²/year. This value corresponds to a duration of sunshine of 2200-2500 times/year. (see Annex Weather in Văcăreni). The atmospheric precipitations record reduced values, the average annual quantities varying between 400-500 mm.

At Văcăreni was unearthed an important monetary treasure, which is believed to have been hidden in 1396, after the battle of Nicopole. The thesaurus contains coins from the time of Mircea cel Bătrân, Vlad l as well as Turkish coins.

Unlike other rural communities from Romania, in Văcăreni commune it has not been recorded the phenomenon of massive migration to the foreign countries in order to find a better paid job. This phenomenon is sporadic, are gone to work approximately 20 families, and the dynamics of this phenomenon is stagnating despite the general trend.

Văcăreni commune comprises a single village Văcăreni, the village of residence.